U.S. gross domestic product, the broadest sum of goods and services produced across the economy, grew by a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 2.3 percent in the second quarter of 2015, the Commerce Department said on Thursday. Here’s what economists had to say:
“The mixing and matching of what drives GDP growth has shifted to consumption and housing, what the Fed was indicating yesterday. Overall growth is certainly strong enough and steady enough, despite the lack of any upside dynamics, to suggest the real cost of short-term money should be more than zero. The [Federal Open Market Committee] increasingly agrees from our read and, after all, they only want to raise the funds rate to 25 basis points from 12.5 basis points and then think about it the next move.” –Steven Blitz, ITG
“Second-quarter growth was powered by strong vehicle demand. But households bought nondurable goods and spent a fair amount on services. In contrast, business investment declined. Much of that came from a drop in equipment spending, which is probably the oil-patch retrenchment….The federal government continues to do whatever it can to kill the economy but at least state and local governments are spending again. There was a new measure created that reflects private domestic demand as it excludes trade, inventories and government spending. It rose solidly. This will be watched closely as it relates to what is happening in the domestic economy.” –Joel Naroff, Naroff Economic Advisors
“Spending on intellectual property products grew at an annual rate of 5.5% in the second quarter, continuing a nice string of advances which offers some hope for improved productivity growth in future quarters.…The bottom line is slow productivity growth remains an issue which must be dealt with but first has to be more fully understood than it now is. All in all, today’s report doesn’t alter the broader view of the U.S. economy, with growth still in the steady though by no means satisfying range that has persisted since the end of the 2007-09 recession.” –Richard Moody, Regions Financial Corp.
“As expected, much of the second quarter rebound in growth reflected a fading of the drag from net exports–they added 0.1 points to the growth rate in the second quarter after subtracting 1.9 points in the first quarter. Also, consumption accelerated to a 2.9% pace from 1.7% and government to +0.8% from -0.1%. Business fixed investment slowed to -0.6% from +1.6% and residential investment to +6.6% from +10.1%. In short, growth was much better in the second quarter than the first quarter, but still fairly moderate. Core inflation was up a bit on the quarter, but the trend has probably not changed yet. The pace for growth remains extremely weak by past recovery standards, but with potential growth weaker as well it appears to be more than sufficient to keep the unemployment rate coming down.” -–Jim O’Sullivan, High Frequency Economics
“Business investment contracted 0.6% [quarter over quarter], reflecting a 4.1% drop in equipment investment and a 1.6% [quarter over quarter] fall in structures investment…Today’s GDP report, including its revisions, will give the Federal Open Market Committee more confidence that the soft-patch in the first quarter was less significant than previously thought. The story on the economy remains consistent: strong consumption, weak investment. We are looking for this trend to continue in the second half of the year where we anticipate growth accelerating above 3.0%.” –U.S. Economics Team, BNP Paribas
“The economy is back this morning, better than ever, having fully shaken off those cold winter weather blues at the start of the year….Don’t like 2.3%, not good enough? Well, think again, it is the consumer that is in the driver’s seat always, and they continue to spend at an even faster rate of 2.9%. In short, there is nothing in today’s report that keeps the Fed from raising rates the first time in September. Nothing at all. The economy is stronger than you think. Bet on it.” –Chris Rupkey, MUFG Union Bank
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